Neurofeedback Publications

Journal Articles

학술연구 논문 발표 출판물



EEG and behavioral changes in a hyperkinetic child concurrent with training of the sensorimotor rhythm (SMR)

Joel F. Lubar, Margaret N. Shouse

Abstract

Reduced seizure incidence coupled with voluntary motor inhibition accompanied conditioned increases in the sensorimotor rhythm(SMR), a 12–14 Hz rhythm appearing over rolandic cortex. Although SMR biofeedback training has been successfully applied to various forms of epilepsy in humans, its potential use in decreasing hyperactivity has been limited to a few cases in which a seizure history was also a significant feature. The present study represents a first attempt to explore the technique's applicability to the problem of hyperkinesis independent of the epilepsy issue. The results of several months of EEG biofeedback training in a hyperkinetic child tend to corroborate and extend previous findings. Feedback presentations for SMR were contingent on the production of 12–14-Hz activity in the absence of 4–7-Hz slow-wave activity. A substantial increase in SMR occurred with progressive SMR training and was associated with enhanced motor inhibition, as gauged by laboratory measures of muscular tone(chin EMG) and by a global behavioral assessment in the classroom. Opposite trends in motor inhibition occurred when the training procedure was reversed and feedback presentations were contingent on the production of 4–7 Hz in the absence of 12–14-Hz activity. Although the preliminary nature of these results is stressed, the subject population has recently been increased to establish the validity and generality of the findings and will include the use of SMR biofeedback training after medication has been withdrawn. This research was a segment of the junior author's dissertation research.


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Publications and Scientific Posters:

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Neurofeedback in ADHD: A single-blind randomized controlled trial. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 20, 481–491. Bakhshayesh, A. R., Hansch, S., Wyschkon, A., Rezai, M. J., & Esser, G. (2011).

Parietal foci for Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Targets for LORETA neurofeedback with outcomes. Biofeedback Magazine: Special issue on QEEG and Treatment Approaches for ADHD, June 2014. Cannon, R. L. (in press).

LORETA neurofeedback in the precuneus: Operant conditioning in basic mechanisms of self-regulation. Clinical EEG and Neuroscience,Cannon, R. L., Baldwin, D., Diloreto, D., Phillips, S., Shaw, T. L., & Levy, J. J. (2014).

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The effectiveness of neurofeedback and stimulant drugs in treating AD/HD: Part II. Replication. Applied Psychophysiological Biofeedback, 29(4), 233–243. Rossiter, T. (2004).

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Neurofeedback and basic learning theory: Implications for research and practice. Journal of Neurotherapy, 15, 292–304.Sherlin, L. H., Arns, M., Lubar, J., Heinrich, H., Kerson, C., Strehl, U., & Sterman, M. B.(2011).

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Nonpharmacological interventions for ADHD: Systematic review and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials of dietary and psychological treatments. American Journal of Psychiatry, 170(3), 275–289.Sonuga-Barke, E. J., Brandeis, D., Cortese, S., Daley, D., Ferrin, M., Holtmann, M., … & Sergeant, J. (2013).

Neurofeedback and cognitive attention training for children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in schools. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 35, 18–27. Steiner, N. J., Frenette, E. C., Rene, K. M., Brennan, R. T., & Perrin, E. C. (2014a).

In-school neurofeedback training for ADHD: Sustained improvements from a randomized control trial. Pediatrics, 133, 483–492. Steiner, N. J., Frenette, E. C., Rene, K. M., Brennan, R. T., & Perrin, E. C. (2014b).

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Neurofeedback in children with ADHD: Specific event related potential findings of a randomized controlled trial. Clinical Neurophysiology, 122, 942–950. Wangler, S., Gevensleben, H., Albrecht, B., Studer, P., Rothenberger, A., Moll, G. H., &Heinrich, H. (2011).